(The bulk of the general history of the Ticonderoga CG Class is from the Review of the DML 1:700 scale USS Philippine Sea, (Click for DML Philippine Sea Review. Of course USS Monterey specific history is completely new.)
Anti-aircraft weapons systems evolved in the 20th Century. At the start of the century they were nonexistent because there was no airplane to threaten warships. However, with the first heavier than air flight in 1903 the airplane evolved at a terrific pace. Slightly over a decade after man's first flight, the airplane evolved as a weapon of war, first for reconnaissance, then as a fighter and finally as a bomber. During this time the first AA guns were fitted to warships, usually in the form of a few high angle (HA) guns. Between the world wars both aircraft and AA defense continued to evolve but aircraft matured at a faster rate. The Royal Navy fielded the 40mm Pom-Pom 2 pdr weapon system in the late 1920s to counter this threat but the USN remained fairly complacent. The 5-inch/25 DP, supplemented by .50 machine guns proved woefully inadequate at Pearl Harbor. The US Navy went on a crash program to rearm their warships with modern AA weapons systems. The 5-inch/38 DP gun was the long distance system, the 40mm Bofors gun the mid-range system and the 20mm Oerlikon the close in system. Additionally two types of radar were fitted. Search radar would locate an enemy air attack and tracking radar was deployed late in the war to control the gun fire of some systems, allowing the system to be more effective.
After the war this system continued to evolve as twin 3-inch AA guns with their own targeting radar replaced 40mm mounts in aircraft carriers and many other warships. However, a new age dawned in aircraft defense in the mid-1950s with the advent of the Surface to Air Missile (SAM). The Luftwaffe had inaugurated the aircraft launched anti-shipping missile in 1943, when two aircraft missiles struck and sank the Italian battleship Roma but an effective AA missile was not developed until a decade later. A family of missiles were developed for the warships of the USN in the 1950s, as various ships were converted to receive them, such as the CAGs and CLGs, or built with them in mind, such as the new DLGs. However, the three missile systems of Terrier, Talos and Tartar still relied upon two different radar or sensor systems, search and targeting, to engage aircraft. As search radar turned in a 360 degree revolution, the aerial targets would be lost when the radar array was pointed away. Each target would have to reacquired when the array turned back in the target's direction by which time the position had changed a significant distance. Illuminators or targeting radar could handle one target at a time. This combined system was subject to be overwhelmed by mass attacks by aircraft and more critically by new generation air to surface missiles. Further, mass aerial attacks by bombers and missiles, along with submarines, were just the tactics developed by the Soviet Union to counter NATO navies. To counter the growing threat, the USN started the Advanced Surface Missile System (ASMS) in 1964. In 1969 this program was renamed Aegis and would produce a revolutionary SAM system that married search and targeting radars in one combined system, that would maintain continuous contact with targets and that be capable of prosecuting multiple targets at the same time.
The Aegis system went into service with a new warship design in October 1983 with the Ticonderoga class missile cruiser (CG). When she entered service Ticonderoga possessed capabilities far beyond other warships thanks to the AN/SPY-1 fixed array radar and Aegis suite of hardware and software. The SPY-1A arrays can track over three hundred targets simultaneously. Four Raytheon SPG-62 Illuminators are carried that are married in with the SPY-1A phased array. By time-sharing with the phased arrays, more than twenty separate targets can be engaged simultaneously and the system is capable of fully automatic mode. The initial units of the Ticonderoga class were equipped with twin missile launching positions fore and aft. However, this design, used since the initial CAGs and CLGs of the 1950s was slowed by the fact that missiles could be launched as fast as they could be loaded on the rails. The launcher would have to turn to a reload position and even with automation this took time. Another factor was the possibility of mechanical failure. With ever turn the launcher was subject to a breakdown. A new missile launching system was another feature that would even further improve the effectiveness of the Ticonderoga class. In mid production cycle, the twin arm missile launchers were relieved by Vertical Launch Systems (VLS). Each missile was housed in its own silo and the entire missile complement could be automatically expended in automated defense. Additionally, the ASROC ASW rocket could be housed in a silo. The initial five units equipped with Mk 26 missile launchers, could not fire the ASW rocket off their launchers, so the VLS provides more flexibility in that regard.
USS Monterey CG-61 was the sixteenth ship of the Ticonderoga Class. Built by the Bath Iron Works, the Monterey was laid down on August 19, 1987. Almost every modern warship in the USN has its own internet site and USS Monterey CG-61 is no exception. However, the amount of information found in each of these sites can differ dramatically. Although the Monterey CG-61 and Philippine Sea CG-58 were both built at the Bath Yards, the Monterey official site (http://www.monterey.navy.mil/default.aspx) has much less information about the deployment history of the ship in the decade and a half since her commissioning. Specifically the site states as follows, "The present Monterey is the sixteenth AEGIS cruiser to join the fleet, and the fourth built by Bath Iron Works of Bath, Maine. She takes her place in the coordinated Battle Group utilizing her AEGIS Weapons System, SPY-1B radar, SM-2 surface-to-air guided missiles, and SQQ-89 USW suite in defense of the Battle Group against hostile aircraft, cruise missiles, and submarines. MONTEREY has been designed and built to fight in a multi-threat environment, and possesses an new long range strike capability in her Tomahawk and Harpoon cruise missiles. She also supports two LAMPS MK III Helicopters. MONTEREY was launched on 23 October, 1989, conducted her first sea trials in November, 1989 and was commissioned on 16 June, 1990. MONTEREY'S homeport is Norfolk, Virginia."
The new Dragon Premium Edition 1:700 scale USS Monterey continues the process of the upgrading of earlier kit releases by DML. In this case it is the Ticonderoga class missile cruisers with VLS, as with their USS Philippine Sea, plus an additional sprue with modern radomes/commo domes, not found in the USS Philippine Sea kit. The new commo dome sprue, Sprue E, and a new decal set are the differences with the Monterey kit from the USS Philippine Sea kit. Most of the plastic parts were found on an earlier release but DML upgrades the kit with brass photo-etch, a full hull option and a new set of decals. The A sprue contains the primary components of the kit. Included on this sprue are the upper hull, forecastle and flight deck. The hull is the usual hull/main deck combination. The hull sides are mostly featureless. Although there are not many features on the sides of modern hulls DML could have added the vertical strake and a couple of smaller features found abreast of the flight deck. At the bow there is an open well onto which a separate forecastle fits. Behind that is the space for the forward gun mount and raised VLS forward installation. There are a couple of twin bollard fittings and a couple of deck fittings found between the gun and VLS position but it appears from photographs that there should have been an additional set of bollards, plus some open chocks. There is more detail aft. At the rear end of the main deck is the aft VLS position. There appears to be a large deck access door plus a couple of other details. The best deck detail is found on the truncated quarterdeck. The aft gun mount is found here, along with the Harpoon canisters. Deck detail includes ring base for the gun, locator lines for the Harpoon mounts, three small twin bollards per side, two small deck access hatches, and locator positions for other fittings.
There are two forecastle parts on the A Sprue. The Monterey uses the much nicer one with solid bulkheads. This piece is very distinctive with a criss-cross of vertical and horizontal strakes/supports on the inside face of the raised bulkhead. This part is nicely done and highly detailed. Other detail includes deck hatches, somewhat small anchor windlasses, anchor chain, anchor hawse, ring base for forward gun and three bollard fittings per side. Unfortunately DML has raised the warning lines forward of the gun mount. There are some items missing. There are no oval drains that allow water to drain outboard from the forecastle. A photograph of Port Royal CG-73 shows the presence of two small tubs to the rear and outboard of each windlass. They are not present on the DML Monterey. The next largest piece is the flight deck. The only detail on this piece is the raised lines for warning markings. At least you won't remove detail when you sand these off the piece. My greatest peeve with modern DML kits is their retention of those archaic raised warning lines!
DML really shines in the great detail provided on the superstructure bulkheads. Five such small bulkheads are found on Sprue A. Even these small parts exhibit excellent detail with doors, piping, vertical ladders, life rings, ventilation louvers, and small machinery fittings. A hangar box features interior detail with interior support ribbing. Some of the armament and equipment for the model is also found on Sprue A, although not of these are used. There is a very nice SH-60 helicopter composed of six parts, two fuselage sides, two wheel struts, aft stabilizer and either folded or extended rotors. Additionally, much finer brass rotors are provided on the enclosed fret, but only in a deployed position. Nice Harpoon canisters, CIWS Phalanx and five inch gun mounts are also found here. Parts not used include the Mk 26 missile launcher, missiles and ASROC launcher. Other fittings include anchors, stern piece, ensign staff, jack staff, and ship's boats.
In addition to the major superstructure parts, there are quite a number of smaller parts included in Part B. The stack bases have excellent ventilation louver detail and other smaller panels of louvers are equally fine. The bridge parts are outstanding with some fine overhead detail. The four SPG-62 illuminators are well detailed. Other parts found are various superstructure decks, stack caps, radars, masts, yards, and boat platforms. As with the masts, solid plastic radar is never equal in detail to even mediocre brass parts, and the DML brass is certainly better than that.
Brass Photo-Etch Fret
The Dragon 1:700 scale USS Monterey, CG-61, continues where the DML USS Philippine Sea kit ended. It is the same kit with two significant differences. One of course is the new decal sheet with names and numbers of CG-61 through CG-63. The other difference is the inclusion of a new sprue, which includes an assortment of radomes and communication domes. This presents the most modern Tico fit yet offered.