Imperial China had felt the encroachment of the European Powers and later Japan for most of the 19th Century. The greatest advantage that these powers had over China was their warships. China had nothing to counter them. To rectify this situation the last quarter of the 19th century saw the Chinese government go on a spending spree in Europe, contracting for modern warships. The most formidable were the battleships Ting Yuen (Eternal Peace) and sister, Chen Yuan (Striking From Far Away). These were constructed in the German Vulcan yard and were patterned after and smaller versions of HMS Inflexible. Armed with four 12-inch guns in two turrets amidships and single 5.9-inch guns in smaller turrets at the bow and stern, they were powerful vessels. The central citadel had 14-inch armor plate although the turrets, in reality gun houses, had only one-inch of armor. When they arrived in China in 1886, they were the most powerful warships in the Far East. During the Sino-Japanese War of 1894, they were both present at the Battle of the Yalu with Ting Yuen being the flagship of Admiral Ting. Hit hundreds of times during the battle, the two Chinese Battleships fought off the main Japanese squadron. The 14-inch armor of their citadels proved impervious to Japanese fire. At the conclusion of the war in 1895 Ting Yuen was struck by a torpedo from a Japanese torpedo boat and beached as a total wreck. Chen Yuan was taken into the Japanese Navy and renamed Chin Yen. An excellent reference on these two battleships as well as the rest of the Chinese Fleet is The Chinese Steam Navy 1862-1945 by Richard Wright.
This model was backdated to her Chinese days, hence she is seen with the turret armament forward and aft. The model kit was heavily modified with two new main turrets section of alloy tube filled with white glue to get the domed top. I cut a new flying bridge out of thin styrene sheet. All boat stowage racks are scratch-built from brass and sprue. Masts are brass with scratch-built fighting tops. Funnels are brass tubes slid over each other to give lower casing and then flattened to give oval/square profile. Awning supports are black sprue (rigged!) All hatches (tricky to see) on side of superstructure are portrayed in part as open or ajar